Conservation of snow leopard
Manaslu Conservation Area is a protected area in Nepal. Established in 1998 it covers 1,663 km2 (642 sq mi) in the Mansiri Himal range of the Himalayas in the Gorkha District. The area comprises mountains, glaciers, and watercourses. In elevation, the area ranges from 1,400 to 8,156 m (4,593 to 26,759 ft) at the peak of Manaslu.
The region is home to 33 species of mammals including snow leopard, musk deer and Himalayan tahr. There are over 110 species of birds and three species of reptiles and over 1500-2000 species of flowering plants.
There are about 9,000 inhabitants living in MCA and over 2,000 species of plants, 39 mammals, 201 birds, 3 reptiles and 11 butterflies in 11 types of forest have been reported from the area. With the declaration of MCA in 1998, Government of Nepal handed over the management responsibility of MCA to NTNC for 10 years. The objective was to improve the capacity of the local communities in the Manaslu area to benefit from tourism in an environmentally benign manner for sustainable development. With the expiry of the management mandate, on the request of the local communities, the District Development Committee of Gorkha and the major political parties in the district, the Government of Nepal has extended the management mandate for another 10 years.
- Protected areas of Nepal
- Gaurishankar Conservation Area
Gaurishankar Conservation Area
2, Feb 2020 | nepaltraveller.com
Nearest to Capital
Gaurishankar Conservation Area is a protected area in the Himalayas of Nepal that was established in January 2010, covering 2,179 km2 (841 sq mi) in the Ramechhap, Dolakha and Sindhupalchok districts and encompassing 22 Village Development Committees. It is contiguous with Tibet in the north. The protected area connects the Langtang and Sagarmatha National Parks. The Government of Nepal handed over the management of Gaurishankar Conservation Area to National Trust for Nature Conservation (NTNC) for 20 years in 2010. Following the models of Annapurna and Manaslu Conservation Areas, NTNC has been managing the area through its Gaurishankar Conservation Area Project.
The Gaurishankar Conservation Area is rich in bio-diversity. A total of 16 varieties of vegetation have been identified in the area, including forests of Pinus roxburghii, Schima-Castanopsis, Alnus, Pinus wallichiana, Pinus patula, Rhododendron, Quercus lanata and Temperate mountain oak forest.
The Gaurishankar Conservation Area's mammalian population totals 34 species, including snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, and Himalayan thar. One of the rarest mammals in the area is the red panda.
A total of 235 species of birds have been recorded from the Gaurishankar Conservation Area.
The conservation area also has 14 snake species, 16 species of fish, 10 types of amphibians and 8 lizard species.