A Symbol Of Luxury And Elegance

Nepal has more than two centuries of experience trading in pashminas

14, Nov 2022 | nepaltraveller.com

Pashmina, a luxurious one of its kind, is an eco-friendly fabric skillfully crafted from short goat hair from the Himalayas

Pashmina is the art of making opulent clothing and accessories from the soft undercoat of Himalayan goats. The Persian word "Pashm," which means "soft gold," is where the term "Pashmina" originates. And wearing a high-end pashmina scarf or shawl will give you a similar feeling. Pashmina, a luxurious one of its kind, is an eco-friendly fabric skillfully crafted from short goat hair from the Himalayas. A pashmina is produced without any hazardous chemicals, making it both environmentally safe and suitable for human skin. 

It is made of the rare Himalayan mountain goat's exceptionally soft and distinctive fibres. The neck wool of mountain goats is used to make the most delicate pashmina fibre. The goats are first domesticated in remote regions of the Himalayas in Nepal, Mongolia, and Tibet, at elevations of more than 12,000 feet. Dolpa, Mustang, Jumla, Humla, and other areas of Nepal, primarily the Himalayan regions, are places where pashmina wool is collected. Compared to other animal hair, it is thinner and 7-8 times thicker than a human hair. Speaking of pashminas, they are made from the finest, softest, and lightest wool fibre. 


As pashmina is a premium fibre, it needs wool of the highest calibre. According to experience, an excellent and top-notch feeling pashmina shawl needs at least three or four Himalayan goats' wool. As a result, only 35 grams of the 150 grams of pashmina wool that a goat produces may be used to make fine yarn. The ideal yarn generally comes from under the abdomen. Harvesting more in a short amount of time is difficult.  

The process for producing pashmina in Nepal is entirely conventional. The process is highly time-consuming, and more labour is needed on top of that. It is challenging to weave, from combing out the Himalayan goats' fleece to separating individual fibres, hand spinning them into yarn, weaving and dyeing the fabric, and then the delicate needlework. For several months, the entire Himalayan goat's fleece is combed out. 

Pashmina is a high-quality cloth created from organic raw ingredients. The traditional technique still used in Nepal is hand weaving. Because of its twill tapestry weaving, pashmina has a slightly shiny appearance. Skilled artisans create the majority of pashmina products made in Nepal. As you snuggle up inside of it, its gentle touch and extreme warmth caress you. 

Making pashmina includes gathering the fine hair of the pashmina goat, sifting unprocessed cashmere, spinning, weaving, and producing a product of the highest calibre.

Nowadays, the majority of Pashmina shawls in the world are still hand-dyed and weaved in Nepal's Kathmandu valley. Nepal has more than two centuries of experience trading in pashminas. An exclusive form of Kashmiri art is pashmina shawls. The art has been imitated unsuccessfully by other nations. These shawls are made by weavers who have been practising their profession for many generations and who learned it from their forebears. They use floral borders, chinar leaves, and paisley to make the designs; they are primarily inspired by their memories of the lakes, sunrises, and sunsets. Sozni, papier-mache, and aari are the three main embroidery techniques used on Pashmina shawls. 

Sonzi is a type of embroidery that features paisleys and flowers and is done on the shawl's sides. The entire shawl is covered in papier-mache, which is hook embroidery. Designs can also be created as black-outlined floral and leafy motifs. Even though grey, brown, and white are the primary hues of pashmina, these colours can be effectively dyed to produce 400 lovely rainbow shades. 

Depending on the artistry, the cost of an authentic Pashmina can range from 100 to thousands of rupees. The chemicals employed when dry washing the Pashminas may eventually change the garment's texture. Therefore, washing it in warm water with a gentle shampoo and hanging it to dry in the shade without twisting will preserve the quality of the apparel for a longer period of time. It is viewed as important attire by modern fashion fans.

Also Read:

Chyangra Pashmina: Love From The Himalayas

Dhan-Nach: A Traditional Dance Of The Limbus

Top 5 Traditional Art To Take Back As Souvenirs

House Of Pashmina


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