Peculiar National Flag

Nepal graciously waves its historic flag, whose basic design traces back many centuries, and has secured its sovereignty as a distinct, independent nation

4, Sep 2022 |

The national flag of Nepal is fairly evident and is the only flag that is neither a quadrilateral nor a square and serves as both the state and civic flags of a nation.

Evolution of the National Flag

Despite the fact that the origin of the flag is hazy and there are no concrete testimonies of its inventor, it is claimed that Shankar Nath Rimal, a civil engineer, standardised the flag at King Mahendra's instruction. It incorporates two contrasting pennons deployed by rival branches of the royal dynasty and is based on the original, conventional design that was in use throughout the 19th and 20th centuries.

The sun and crescent moon had faces as the flag’s emblems until 1962; they were removed to modernise the flag. The sun and moon on the Royal Standard still had faces on them up until the monarchy was abolished in 2008.

On December 16, 1962, a new constitutional government was established and the current flag was authorised.

Design of the Prevailing National Flag

The flag, also referred to as a double-pennon, is an abbreviated configuration of two single pennons (or pennants). Two red triangles are bounded by a blue border and comprise Nepal's flag. 

The sun is in the lower triangle, while the moon is in the upper triangle. It serves as an affirmation that the nation will thrive as long as the sun and stars are visible in the sky.

Historical Analogy

The flag was adopted after Prithvi Narayan Shah, the first king of a United Nepal, consolidated all of Nepal's isolated territories. In the intervening years, the national flag of Nepal was designed to symbolise the royal house as depicted by the moon in the upper vicinity and a branch of the Rana dynasty, whose members served as prime ministers from 1909 to 1961, as portrayed by the sun in the lower section. The profound proportions of the flag were filled with the crimson hue, as the colour was designated as the national colour.

Current Depiction

The significance of a flag has morphed over time to be different in current civilization. The sun depicts fierceness and harmony, and the blue border represents the peace, tranquillity, and harmony that have permeated the nation since the time of Nepal-born Gautama Buddha

Nepal's national colour, crimson red, symbolises the country's brave inhabitants and is a nod to the country's emblematic red rhododendron. The two triangles signify the Himalayan Mountains and also stand for Buddhism and Hinduism, the two leading faiths. The moon also depicts the pleasant climate in the Himalayas, while the sun symbolises the heat and harsher temperatures in Nepal's lower regions. Celestial bodies are portrayed to signify permanence and the wish that Nepal can endure as long as the sun and moon. The same emblems can also be seen in the dozens of various civic and military flags flown by Nepalese officials.

Unique Interpretation

The flag's symbols can also be interpreted in yet another intriguing way. The indigenous Nepalese claim that the shape of the flag represents a pagoda in their country. An image of a pagoda can be created by aligning a mirror on the hoist side.


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